Glossary of Terms


A written statement sworn to before a notary or persons with authority to administer oath.

A program that provides certain first time defendants with the opportunity to participate in a series of class-like sessions. The sessions cover a variety of topics relating to making good choices and avoiding legal troubles. After completing the program, the defendants are granted a dismissal and their cases are sealed.

The written reply to a charge or claim. Answers are filed on civil cases. The form can be found here

The initial appearance of a person accused of a crime before the court to be advised of the charge against him.

A written undertaking executed by a defendant of one or more sureties, guaranteeing, either by payment of a sum of money, or by acknowledging liability for a sum of money, that the defendant will make required appearances and otherwise make himself available to the court during legal proceedings.

More information on bonds can be found here

A warrant for arrest issued by a Judge or Magistrate when a defendant fails to appear for a scheduled court appearance.

If a Judge determines there is probable cause in a felony case in this court, the felony case is bound over to the Lucas County Grand Jury. This means the case is sent over to Lucas County Common Pleas Court for prosecution.

A court order to a detention facility (such as the jail or a mental health facility) that a defendant in their custody be brought to court for a scheduled appearance.

CCNO is a detention center located in Stryker, Ohio that serves the City of Toledo and Defiance, Fulton, Henry, Lucas and Williams Counties.

Identifies an unrecognized charge on a case that was converted from the previous computer system. This alerts Clerk's staff to investigate the case and correct the charge to the proper violation code.

A case that is designated as a Crime of Violence Against Women.

The defendant and/or victim failed to appear for a scheduled court appearance.

The requirement to carry insurance on all vehicles. If a person is caught driving a vehicle without insurance, he/she can be charged under this act.

A generic term for a court appearance that is not for a Prosecutor Pre-trial (PPT), Trial or Arraignment. The hearing could be held for many reasons, such as sentencing, probation violation, or review of the sentence.

A Judge orders a MOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is monitored by the Lucas County Pretrial Services Department. He/she must call Lucas County Pre-trial services as ordered and follow any other conditions as indicated.

Driving without a valid Operators License

The prosecution issues a Nolle Prosequi during a criminal case before or during a trial to indicate that the case against the defendant is being dropped. It is used to terminate felony cases in Toledo Municipal Court. It is usually used because the defendant has been indicted directly by the Lucas County Grand Jury or because the State of Ohio has ran out of time to prosecute.

A Judge orders an OR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is required to sign a recognizance form indicating that he/she will appear in Court until the case is completed.

State of Ohio laws

Issued when charges are filed against a defendant and the defendant is not present at the time of the offense.

A Prosecutor Pre-trail is held prior to a trial. Sometimes a case is resolved at the Prosecutor Pretrial and then there is no need for a Trial.

Driving with a Suspended Operator's License.

A Judge orders a SOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is required to report to Lucas County Pre-trial Services as ordered and follow any other conditions as indicated. Lucas County Pretrial Services is located at 1100 Jefferson Avenue Toledo, Ohio 43624.

A court order protecting the Victim from a defendant in a criminal case. The case must have been a crime of violence. A motion needs to be filed with the case. A Judge then rules on the motion. If granted, the defendant must obey the terms of the TPO until the case is over.

City of Toledo laws.

A proceeding held in front of the court for the purpose of determining guilt or innocence.

The legal process in which the property of a judgment debtor is seized and sold to satisfy a money judgment.