Glossary of Terms
BW (Bench Warrant) – A warrant for arrest
issued by a Judge or Magistrate when a defendant fails to appear
for a scheduled court appearance.
BO (Bound Over) – If a Judge determines there is
probable cause in a felony case in this court, the felony case
is bound over to the Lucas County Grand Jury. This means the
case is sent over to Lucas County Common Pleas Court for
Conversion – Identifies an unrecognized charge on
a case that was converted from the previous computer system.
This alerts Clerk's staff to investigate the case and correct
the charge to the proper violation code.
COVAW – A case that is designated as a Crime of
Violence Against Women.
FTA (Failure to Appear) –The defendant and/or
victim failed to appear for a scheduled court appearance.
FRA (Financial Responsibility Act) – The
requirement to carry insurance on all vehicles. If a person is
caught driving a vehicle without insurance, he/she can be
charged under this act.
Hearing – A generic term for a court appearance
that is not for a Prosecutor Pre-trial (PPT), Trial or
Arraignment. The hearing could be held for many reasons, such as
sentencing, probation violation, or review of the sentence.
MOR (Monitored Own Recognizance) – A Judge orders
a MOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is monitored by
the Lucas County Pretrial Services Department. He/she must call
Lucas County Pre-trial services as ordered and follow any other
conditions as indicated.
NOL (No Operators License) – Driving without a
valid Operators License
Nolle Prosequi - The prosecution issues a Nolle
Prosequi during a criminal case before or during a trial to
indicate that the case against the defendant is being dropped.
It is used to terminate felony cases in Toledo Municipal Court.
It is usually used because the defendant has been indicted
directly by the Lucas County Grand Jury or because the State of
Ohio has ran out of time to prosecute.
OR (Own Recognizance Bond) – A Judge orders an OR
bond and no money is posted. The defendant is required to sign a
recognizance form indicating that he/she will appear in Court
until the case is completed.
ORC (Ohio Revised Code) – State of Ohio laws
OW (Open Warrant) – Issued when charges are filed
against a defendant and the defendant is not present at the time
of the offense.
PPT (Prosecutor Pre-trial) -A Prosecutor
Pre-trail is held prior to a trial. Sometimes a case is resolved
at the Prosecutor Pre-trial and then there is no need for a
SOL (Suspended Operators License) – Driving with
a Suspended Operators License
SOR (Supervised Own Recognizance) – A Judge
orders a SOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is
required to report to Lucas County Pre-trial Services as ordered
and follow any other conditions as indicated. Lucas County
Pre-trial Services is located at 1100 Jefferson Avenue Toledo,
TPO (Temporary Protection Order) - A court order
protecting the Victim from a defendant in a criminal case. The
case must have been a crime of violence. A motion needs to be
filed with the case. A Judge then rules on the motion. If
granted, the defendant must obey the terms of the TPO until the
case is over.
TMC (Toledo Municipal Code) – City of Toledo laws
Trial - A proceeding held in front of the court
for the purpose of determining guilt or innocence.