Toledo Skyline

Glossary of Terms


BW (Bench Warrant) – A warrant for arrest issued by a Judge or Magistrate when a defendant fails to appear for a scheduled court appearance.

 

BO (Bound Over) – If a Judge determines there is probable cause in a felony case in this court, the felony case is bound over to the Lucas County Grand Jury. This means the case is sent over to Lucas County Common Pleas Court for prosecution.

 

Conversion – Identifies an unrecognized charge on a case that was converted from the previous computer system. This alerts Clerk's staff to investigate the case and correct the charge to the proper violation code.

 

COVAW – A case that is designated as a Crime of Violence Against Women.

 

FTA (Failure to Appear) –The defendant and/or victim failed to appear for a scheduled court appearance.

 

FRA (Financial Responsibility Act) – The requirement to carry insurance on all vehicles. If a person is caught driving a vehicle without insurance, he/she can be charged under this act.

 

Hearing – A generic term for a court appearance that is not for a Prosecutor Pre-trial (PPT), Trial or Arraignment. The hearing could be held for many reasons, such as sentencing, probation violation, or review of the sentence.

 

MOR (Monitored Own Recognizance) – A Judge orders a MOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is monitored by the Lucas County Pretrial Services Department. He/she must call Lucas County Pre-trial services as ordered and follow any other conditions as indicated.

 

NOL (No Operators License) – Driving without a valid Operators License

 

Nolle Prosequi - The prosecution issues a Nolle Prosequi during a criminal case before or during a trial to indicate that the case against the defendant is being dropped. It is used to terminate felony cases in Toledo Municipal Court. It is usually used because the defendant has been indicted directly by the Lucas County Grand Jury or because the State of Ohio has ran out of time to prosecute.

 

OR (Own Recognizance Bond) – A Judge orders an OR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is required to sign a recognizance form indicating that he/she will appear in Court until the case is completed.

 

ORC (Ohio Revised Code) – State of Ohio laws

 

OW (Open Warrant) – Issued when charges are filed against a defendant and the defendant is not present at the time of the offense.

 

PPT (Prosecutor Pre-trial) -A Prosecutor Pre-trail is held prior to a trial. Sometimes a case is resolved at the Prosecutor Pre-trial and then there is no need for a Trial

 

SOL (Suspended Operators License) – Driving with a Suspended Operators License

 

SOR (Supervised Own Recognizance) – A Judge orders a SOR bond and no money is posted. The defendant is required to report to Lucas County Pre-trial Services as ordered and follow any other conditions as indicated. Lucas County Pre-trial Services is located at 1100 Jefferson Avenue Toledo, Ohio 43624.

 

TPO (Temporary Protection Order) - A court order protecting the Victim from a defendant in a criminal case. The case must have been a crime of violence. A motion needs to be filed with the case. A Judge then rules on the motion. If granted, the defendant must obey the terms of the TPO until the case is over.

 

TMC (Toledo Municipal Code) – City of Toledo laws

 

Trial - A proceeding held in front of the court for the purpose of determining guilt or innocence.